Friday, October 13, 2006

I wanted to create a program that would take a whole bunch of files and then create folders based off of the created date in year/ month/ day format. Here it is. Most is based off of

# retrieve the file information from a selected folder
# sort the files by last modified date/time and display in order newest file first
# tested with Python24 vegaseat 21jan2006

import os, glob, time

# use a folder you have ...
root = 'c:\\test\\' # one specific folder
#root = 'D:\\Zz1\\*' # all the subfolders too

print '-'*60 # just vanity

date_file_list = []
for folder in glob.glob(root):
print "folder =", folder
# select the type of file, for instance *.jpg or all files *.*
for file in glob.glob(folder + '/*.*'):
# retrieves the stats for the current file as a tuple
# (mode, ino, dev, nlink, uid, gid, size, atime, mtime, ctime)
# the tuple element mtime at index 8 is the last-modified-date
stats = os.stat(file)
# create tuple (year yyyy, month(1-12), day(1-31), hour(0-23), minute(0-59), second(0-59),
# weekday(0-6, 0 is monday), Julian day(1-366), daylight flag(-1,0 or 1)) from seconds since epoch
# note: this tuple can be sorted properly by date and time
creation_date = time.localtime(stats[9])
#print image_file, lastmod_date # test
# create list of tuples ready for sorting by date
date_file_tuple = creation_date, file

#print date_file_list # test

date_file_list.reverse() # newest mod date now first

print "%-40s %s" % ("filename:", "Creation Date:")
for file in date_file_list:
# extract just the filename
folder, file_name = os.path.split(file[1])
# convert date tuple to MM/DD/YYYY HH:MM:SS format
file_date = time.strftime("%m_%d_%y", file[0])
year_date = time.strftime("%Y", file[0])
month_date = time.strftime("%m", file[0])
day_date = time.strftime("%d", file[0])

print "%-40s %s" % (file[1], file_date)
print year_date
print month_date
print day_date

DateDir = 'c:\\DateTest\\'+ year_date + '\\' + month_date + '\\' + day_date
if not os.path.isdir(DateDir): #check whether the dir exists, if not create it

print "xcopy /Y /F " + '"' + file[1] + '" ' + DateDir

os.popen("move /Y " + '"' + file[1] + '" ' + DateDir).read()

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